This Blog provides an insight on the Kashmir-issue, India and Pakistan. The articles on this Blog can be best described as thought-provoking. The articles thrive to trigger debate about the miseries enslaved Kashmiris are facing and discuss also possible solutions to this long standing conflict. It also aims to convince readers why Independent Kashmir is the best solution for all parties involved.



Sunday, March 27, 2011

Of Falling Empires ......

Thrones and crowns will tumble down and that is where people matter

Mass movements have erupted in Egypt, Yemen, Libya, Bahrain, Jordan, Oman and Algeria against the dictators and autocratic monarchs. Some pseudo-intellectuals and self-styled political leaders are trying to link up Egyptian revolution with Kashmir issue.

Among Arab countries, Egypt claims five thousand year old civilization and culture. She has influenced not only the African countries in her neighbourhood but the Arab countries also have largely imbibed her contribution. The struggle for Arab nationalism under the leadership of Colonel Nasser not only pulled Egypt out of monarchical rule, but also helped her wriggle out of the nauseating influence of Great Britain and France. He liberated Suez Canal from the grip of these two countries after fighting it out. Other Arab countries such as Syria, Iraq, and Yemen also met with revolution under Ba’ath Party but those were hijacked by their ruling junta. Thus dictatorship of the junta was established in Egypt, Syria, Iraq and Yemen. In Egypt, Hosni Mubarak held power for last thirty years during which he suppressed all opposition. The leaders of Ikhwanul Muslimeen were hunted down or sent to gallows and many people contributing to their ideology were sent behind the bars. It was an era of nepotism and corruption in Egypt. Economic and social conditions did not change for ordinary people. However one thing did happen. Economic imbalance among the Middle Class and Lower Middle Class gave rise to Egyptian rule. Despotism and single party system created unrest among the people.

A close analysis of the current turmoil in Egypt and other Arab countries shows that at the root lies the oppression of Israel on Palestinians. Not resolving the Palestinian issue through dialogue seems to be the main cause of these uprisings. Israel and the US both are largely responsible for upsurge in Egypt. Her assassinated President Anwar Sadaat had signed an agreement with Israel . Later on, Hosni Mubarak made Egypt a strong defense line for Israel. This had exacerbated unrest among the people. Despite all this, Israel showed no relent in its animus against Palestinians because the US lent full support to Israel. Only recently the US vetoed a UN resolution opposing Israel making new settlements in Eastern part of Baitul Muqaddas. This created a wave of resentment not only in Egypt but in all Arab countries against the ruling apparatus and there were massive demonstrations on streets. The main reason of all this turmoil is the secret support given by some Arab rulers to the Israel. They have become the stooges of the US and are only protecting American interests besides allowing American military bases in Arab countries.

Saturday, March 5, 2011

Talks a ploy to bid time

History helps us learn lessons from past events and gain experience for future guidance. We do study history but, unfortunately we refuse to learn lesson from what we read. Therefore we often repeat our previous mistakes.

Kashmir remains a dispute between India and Pakistan and India and Kashmir since 1947. Many rounds of talks have been held on this subject among stakeholders from time to time. Kashmir question was debated at the United Nations, and apart from that, we also know of Nehru-Liaqat and Nehru-Muhammad Ali Bogra and Nehru-Noon talks with several rounds. In the aftermath of 1965 Indo-Pak war, Shastri and Ayub Khan talked about it in Tashkent and six rounds of talks between the foreign ministers namely Swaran Singh and Zulfikar Ali Bhutto were also held. Before the war of 1965, Nehru had sent Sheikh Abdullah to General Ayub Khan for talks on Kashmir. In the run up to Shimla talks and agreement, open and secret talks about Kashmir were also held.  Rajiv Gandhi and Benazir Bhutto also talked in their capacity as Prime Ministers. Vajpayee claimed to resolve the issue in the name of humanism and talked to Nawaz Sharif in Lahore. Widening the scope of interaction, India opened up talks on Prime Minister’s level with one faction of Hurriyat. In the current tenure of Indian prime minister, three rounds of round table conference were held. Recommendations made by various committees and approved in the Round Table conference were ultimately consigned to the dust bin. This conference was not held under the chairmanship of the prime minister of Pakistan but under the Indian prime minister in which Indian home minister, defence minister and other ministers of mainstream parties were also present. Earlier after Kargil war, Track II and Agra Summit were held with the government of Pervez Musharraf and it was given out that Kashmir issue had been almost resolved.

But despite all these long and short talks and interaction, Kashmir issue became more and more complicated. The only thing that happened in the course of these long and tortuous deliberations was that during the tenure of Atal Bihari Vajpayee and the present prime minister, the canvas of talks was expanded to include Kashmir leadership in negotiations. Prior to that, Kashmir issue had remained confined to the limits of two countries only.

This issue did not come up for much discussion after 1964 or Tashkent Agreement. Kashmiri leadership did not succeed in extracting any concrete advantage from the governments of Vajpayee and Manmohan Singh. All this makes us believe that India is only bidding time and is not interested in any result oriented talks with Kashmir leadership. The hindsight shows that Kashmir did not get anything out of the talks between the tallest of Kashmir leadership viz. Sheikh Abdullah and Indira Gandhi.  Delhi made loud noise that it was talking to the Hurriyat but the faction with which it initiated talks is part of all those organizations which cannot make any commitment without the permission from Pakistani establishment. Indian policy planners and official representative had also been talking to the militant organizations despite full knowledge that these organizations receive full support from Pakistan. The purpose of all these inconsequential deliberations has been to spread confusion among the organizations and people in Jammu and Kashmir. It is a ploy to divide people and bid time. Indian policy framers and rulers have never been sincere in their talks on Kashmir issue. After all they are not prepared to revive their promises and the facts of history.